December 19, 2023

About the Author: Stefan Joubert

Stefan Joubert manager of London Guitar Institute is passionate about adult education. He believes that absolutely anyone can learn to play the guitar and it is just a matter of getting good education and getting started.


The 1950s was a transformative era for music, marked by the emergence of rock and roll, doo-wop, and the birth of iconic chord progressions that continue to captivate audiences today. One such chord progression, often referred to as the “50s chord progression,” has become a classic and is a staple in countless songs across various genres. In this article, we’ll explore the magic of this chord progression and dive into a curated list of songs that have utilised its timeless appeal.

Guitar and music sheet

Understanding the ’50s Chord Progression:

The ’50s chord progression is characterised by its simplicity and emotional resonance. It typically follows a I-vi-IV-V pattern, where Roman numerals represent the scale degrees of the chords. In the key of C major, for instance, the progression would be C-Am-F-G. This straightforward sequence creates a nostalgic and uplifting vibe that became synonymous with the music of the 1950s.

List of Songs Featuring the ’50s Chord Progression:

1. Elvis Presley – “Can’t Help Falling in Love” (1961)

Elvis Presley’s ballad is a quintessential example of the ’50s chord progression, showcasing its romantic and melodic qualities.

2. Buddy Holly – “Peggy Sue” (1957)

Buddy Holly’s rock and roll anthem features the I-vi-IV-V progression, contributing to its infectious energy.

3. The Platters – “Only You (And You Alone)” (1955)

This doo-wop classic by The Platters beautifully illustrates the emotional depth achievable with the ’50s chord progression.

4. Ben E. King – “Stand by Me” (1960)

“Stand by Me” stands as a testament to the enduring power of the I-vi-IV-V progression, as it weaves seamlessly with the heartfelt lyrics.

5. Chuck Berry – “Johnny B. Goode” (1958)

A pioneering rock and roll anthem, “Johnny B. Goode” showcases the versatility of the ’50s chord progression in an upbeat, guitar-driven context.

6. The Ronettes – “Be My Baby” (1963)

Produced by Phil Spector, this iconic track is a perfect example of how the ’50s chord progression transcended the 1950s and influenced the early 1960s.

7. Dion and The Belmonts – “A Teenager in Love” (1959)

Drenched in doo-wop charm, this song highlights the sweet and sentimental side of the ’50s chord progression.

8. The Everly Brothers – “All I Have to Do Is Dream” (1958)

The harmonious blend of voices in this Everly Brothers classic, combined with the ’50s chord progression, creates an ethereal listening experience.

9. Ritchie Valens – “La Bamba” (1958)

Bringing a Latin twist to the ’50s chord progression, Ritchie Valens’ “La Bamba” is a lively and infectious celebration of music.

10. The Drifters – “Save the Last Dance for Me” (1960)

Closing our list, this timeless ballad by The Drifters emphasises the emotional impact that the ’50s chord progression can convey.

A hand strumming the guitar

Variations of ‘50s Chord Progression:

While the I-vi-IV-V chord progression serves as the quintessential ’50s chord progression, it’s worth noting that variations and adaptations of this sequence can be found in numerous songs from the era. Here are some common variations that contributed to the richness and diversity of the musical landscape during the 1950s:

1. I-IV-V-I Progression: In addition to the I-vi-IV-V sequence, the I-IV-V-I progression was widely used. This variation often featured a return to the tonic chord (I) at the end, creating a satisfying and conclusive resolution. Songs like Chuck Berry’s “Johnny B. Goode” are classic examples of the I-IV-V-I progression in action.

2. I-vi-ii-V Progression: This variation introduces the ii (minor second) chord into the sequence, adding an extra layer of complexity. While less common in some mainstream pop songs, it became a staple in jazz and contributed to the evolution of music during this era.

3. I-IV-ii-V Progression: Another variant involves placing the ii chord before the V chord, creating a subtle shift in the harmonic structure. This variation can be heard in certain doo-wop and R&B songs, providing a unique flavour to the overall sound.

4. Extended Progressions: Some songs extended the basic ’50s chord progression by adding more chords to the sequence. For example, a I-vi-IV-V-vi-ii-V-I progression provides a longer musical journey, and artists occasionally used these extended progressions for more intricate compositions.

5. Modulations and Key Changes: While the ’50s chord progression is often associated with songs in major keys, artists occasionally modulated or changed keys within a song. This allowed for a dynamic shift in mood and added variety to the musical arrangement.

6. Genre-Specific Adaptations: Different genres incorporated the ’50s chord progression with their own stylistic twists. Rock and roll, doo-wop, pop, and country all embraced the basic sequence while infusing it with genre-specific elements, contributing to the diversity of sounds in the 1950s.

Understanding these variations highlights the creativity of musicians during the ’50s, showcasing their ability to take a simple chord progression and adapt it to suit different musical contexts. The widespread use of these variations not only defined the music of the era but also laid the groundwork for future generations of musicians to explore and innovate within the framework of classic chord progressions.

Man hand playing guitar


As we reflect on the enchanting era of the 1950s and the enduring legacy of the ’50s chord progression, it’s remarkable to recognize its continued influence on contemporary music. While the progression served as a foundational element for the classic hits of yesteryear, its timeless appeal persists in the present day.

Many contemporary artists, ranging from pop and rock to indie and beyond, consciously or unconsciously incorporate the ’50s chord progression into their compositions. The simplicity, emotional resonance, and familiarity of this harmonic sequence provide a connective thread across generations. Whether it’s a deliberate nod to the past or an organic manifestation of musical evolution, the ’50s chord progression remains a go-to tool for crafting melodies that resonate with audiences.

From chart-topping singles to indie gems, the influence of the ’50s chord progression can be heard in the diverse tapestry of modern music. Its ability to evoke nostalgia, convey emotion, and stand the test of time speaks to the enduring magic embedded in those four simple chords. As we continue to enjoy and discover new music, we can appreciate how the echoes of the 1950s reverberate through the chords of today, bridging the gap between eras and showcasing the everlasting impact of a musical formula that has truly stood the test of time.

If you’re inspired to master the art of the ’50s chord progression on the guitar, consider enrolling in guitar lessons at the London Guitar Institute. With experienced instructors and tailored programs, our institute provides an excellent starting point for musicians eager to explore the enchanting world of this classic chord sequence. Embrace the opportunity to unlock the secrets of the ’50s chord progression and embark on a musical journey that spans decades of timeless melodies.

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Tags: 50s Chord progression, Chord progressions, I vi IV V